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In the Tang Dynasty, ceramic craftsmanship in Jingdezhen developed by leaps and bounds. Acording to records, porcelain wares from "Tao Kiln" (named after Tao Yu) and "Huo Kiln" (named after Huo Zhongchu), were called artificial jade, because of hard body, fine texture, and jade-like glaze, and were given to the imperial court as tribute. Liu Zongyuan (an ofcial and a scholar in the Tang Dynasty), in his Memorial to the Emperor about Porcelain, wrote that tribute paid by Jingdezhen, was beautiful and durable porcelain wares with no coarse flaws or low-pitched sound. In recent years, the discovery of Lantian Kiln Site further verified the level of ceramic craftsmanship of Jingdezhen achieved in the Tang Dynasty as well as recorded in the literature.

唐代,景德镇制瓷工艺突飞猛进。据文献记载, “陶窑” 和“霍窑”制品胎质坚硬细腻,釉色莹缜如玉,人称“假玉 器”,且贡于朝。时柳宗元《葡京娱乐场》赞美景德镇贡瓷 既无粗劣毛病,又无陶器沙哑声响,坚固耐用,是绝美佳器。 近几年来,随着兰田窑窑址的发现,文献记载中的景德镇唐窑 工艺水平已得到了进一步的证实。

 

 

兰田牛氏岭唐代古瓷窑遗址

唐代龙窑遗址        唐代青釉腰鼓

南窑遗址

南窑遗址位于景德镇乐平市接渡南窑村,是昌南镇境内已 知的最早的瓷业遗存。并发现一座龙窑遗址,产品主要有执 壶、水滴、盘、罐、埙、腰鼓等青釉瓷,其中,以西域乐器 青釉腰鼓最精美,反映了唐代昌南镇精湛的制瓷工艺。

烧造工艺

从总体上看,景德镇唐代装烧方法以支 钉叠烧为主,产品在龙窑中裸烧,釉面污染 较重,而且留下一圈支钉痕迹,瓷器的外观 效果较差。同时,又已出现匣钵装烧法,如 乐平南窑少量高档的青釉碗、盘即采用匣钵 内置单件或多件装烧。这是南窑最具特色的 烧造技法。

装饰技法

唐代,昌南镇烧制青釉瓷,追求釉面的 艺术效果,但乐平南窑出现了模印、褐斑和 褐彩等装饰。其中,褐彩绘画内容多为字 款, 并有纹样、符号之类的,如内底彩绘弦 纹。青釉褐彩多见简笔缠枝花草纹。彩绘位 置主要在罐类的肩腹部以及碗类的内腹壁。 此时,还出现了刻花技术,如湘湖兰田窑遗 址出土的唐代青釉刻划花卉纹鼓腹罐。

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